Its origin is located in a village Túrdulo (íberos) who had their settlement in the place known like ‘The Castle’. By archeological remains it is known that the Phoenicians occupied the population, but it was the Greeks who called the Prunna people. With the passage of time loses an ‘n’ and happens to be called Pruna.
Pruna was annexed to the Roman Empire in the first stage of the conquest of the peninsula. In the Muslim era it was an alqueria or rural village, pertaining to the Kingdom of Taifas of Seville. In 1482, Pruna was sold to Don Rodrigo Ponce de León. Later it would happen successively to the duchy of Arcos in century XVI, time in which was granted the rank of town, and in the XVIII to the duchy of Osuna. By sovereign Decree of August 6, 1821, Pruna joins the nation as Constitutional City Council.
- Matanza Fair, an event held at the end of January and with the objective of recovering and showing the processes of the massacres that were carried out in the old villages.
- Descent from Good Friday.
- Pilgrimage of the Pure and Clean, held every first Sunday of May.
- Feria Agroturistica y Ganadera, Fair held at the beginning of the month of June and with which it is tried to recover the old cattle fair.
- Feria de Agosto, a big event that takes place in the middle of August.
- Flamenco festival of non-consecrated artists. Begins the August Fair.
- Feast of the Emigrant, with this celebration is honored to all those people who due to work have to emigrate from their villages.
Entre sus platos típicos destacan la moraga, el potaje campero, las tagarninas con chorizo y el cocido de verdolaga. La torta de hornazo se cuenta como receta estrella de su repostería a la que se le unen sus afamados vinos, anises y licores.